IN PLACING before the reader this unabridged translation of Adolf Hitler's book, . remembered now, it is often asked: Why doesn't Hitler revise MEIN KAMPF?. Adolf Hitler (7 books) Notes: Zentral Verlag Der NSDAP, Franz Eher Nachf. This includes original texts, translations and book covers. the subject of Hitler and his intentions, few have ever bothered to read the words of the That consistency is only matched by the consistency of Hitler himself.
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ehirimatom.ml: Adolf Hitler: A Life From Beginning to End (World War 2 Biographies Book 1) eBook: Hourly History: Kindle Store. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Author and journalist Frank Sanello has written about film Kindle Store · Kindle eBooks · Literature & Fiction. Editorial Reviews. ehirimatom.ml Review. The angry ranting of an obscure, small- party politician, Mein Kampf - "My Struggle") is an autobiography by the National Socialist leader Adolf Hitler, in which he outlines his political ideology and.
Alois wanted his son to pursue a career in the Habsburg civil service, but Hitler scoffed at the thought of a life spent enforcing what he considered petty rules and instead wanted a career in the visual arts. The tension between them increased after Alois enrolled Adolf in a Realschule, a secondary school, which had a curriculum that focused more on science and technology.
Up until that time, Hitler had received stellar marks in school, but at this school, he ended up having to repeat a semester, and his grades were never again good. For the remainder of his days there, his grades bounced back and forth between poor and average. There his performance improved, but his grades were never again at the level they had been earlier in his life, and when he left formal education in , he never returned. His father, though nominally Catholic, was anticlerical and skeptical of religion; his mother, with whom he was particularly close, was a practicing, devout Catholic.
Hitler was confirmed in the Catholic Church in May He regularly attended services throughout his childhood and even sang in the choir at the Benedictine Monastery when the family lived in Lambach. It is also said he dreamed of becoming a priest at that time. Some historians, however, dispute even his childhood piety, instead believing that Hitler began to reject religion early on after being heavily influenced by Pan-Germanism, the ideology of which emphasized political unity and downplayed religion.
Questions of childhood piety aside, by the time Hitler left home, a childhood friend noted he never again attended mass or received the sacraments. Some scholars argue that though Hitler continued to espouse a belief in Christianity throughout his life, he did so mainly for political reasons. Hitler is also said to have made many anti-Christian remarks to his confidants, at least one of whom, Goebbels, later described him as hating Christianity.
His biographer, Alan Bullock, also wrote that he did not believe in God, but rather was a rationalist who objected to Christianity on the basis that it rebelled against the Darwinian concept of survival of the fittest.
Bullock added that Hitler only espoused divine providence in order to defend his own myth. Both Adolf and Paula were at her side when she died.
Hitler had been very close to his mother and was devastated by her death. Her doctor, Eduard Bloch, later recalled that he had never seen so much pain and suffering in one young man. By the time she died, Hitler had suffered several losses in his life, and some historians believe these losses affected his belief system and shaped his ideological development.
After the death of his mother from breast cancer in , Adolf Hitler left for Vienna in February He dreamed of becoming a painter and moved there with his friend August Kubizek, who wanted to study music. Hitler was 18 years old at the time, and he wanted to study at the Academy of Fine Arts at Schillerplatz. He and Kubizek shared a room at Stumpergasse 29, which was located near the Westbahnhof train station and within easy walking distance of the academy.
While there, they enjoyed the surrounding area and culture, strolling along the Ringstrasse, a three-mile-long boulevard lined with a mix of classical and modern architecture.
Hitler admired the Hofburg Palace and the Neoclassical parliament building, which later became the subject of one of his paintings. The two friends also attended the Court Opera where they indulged their shared passion for Wagner. Kubizek was accepted into the music school at the academy, but unbeknownst to him, Hitler was rejected both times that he applied to the art school.
Kubizek returned to their shared room one day to find Hitler gone without explanation. He would not see him again until when Hitler returned to Vienna after Germany annexed Austria. He had also spent the money he had received from family loans.
After leaving the residence he shared with Kubizek, Hitler lived in a series of low-income lodgings and homeless shelters, and he ate in soup kitchens.
He earned money by selling watercolors of Vienna where many downloaders of his works were Jewish. A fellow shelter resident, Reinhold Hanisch, became his agent, and together, they created a business which flourished for a while until Hitler took Hanisch to court in for withholding payments for the painting of the parliament building which the two had sold. The two never worked together again after that, but Hanisch attempted to profit from their short business venture together after Hitler became a significant political figure by selling watercolors he claimed were painted by the German leader.
He was arrested for doing so on several occasions, the last of which occurred in , well after Hitler had gained power. He died of a heart attack while in custody in February When the police searched his lodgings, several fake Hitler paintings were found. By some accounts, following his falling out with Hanisch, Hitler turned to several Jewish friends and former clients to help him find more customers and continue selling his paintings. There are also other sources which report that Hitler was on friendly terms with several Jews when he was in Vienna.
The city at that time, however, was steeped in anti-Semitic rhetoric, and despite evidence to the contrary, Hitler claimed in Mein Kampf that it was in Vienna where he developed his anti-Semitic ideology. Historical records, however, can only demonstrate evidence of his beliefs after World War I.
It is clear that Hitler was exposed in Vienna to anti-Semitism. The mayor of Vienna at that time, Karl Lueger, frequently spouted an anti-Semitic ideology in his speeches and many of the Viennese newspapers at the time followed suit. Hitler continued living in Vienna until He managed to make a living selling paintings after he and his business partner, Hanisch, parted ways.
In , he returned to Munich to avoid serving in the military, but he was found by authorities and returned to Austria for conscription into the armed forces. He was rejected for service in the Austrian armed forces, however, after failing a physical exam. After Hitler returned to Munich from Vienna in , he lived on the last installment of his inheritance from his father and by continuing to sell watercolors.
Scholars now think that the fact that he was allowed to continue living in Munich, rather than being deported back to Austria after failing his physical exam to serve in the military there, was likely the result of an error on the part of the German government, which simply never raised the question of his citizenship even when he volunteered for the service in the Bavarian army.
Because Hitler was not a German citizen, he requested and received permission from Austria-Hungary to serve in the Bavarian army. Hitler entered the military as an infantryman in the 1st Company of the 16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment.
By all accounts, Hitler served honorably in the Bavarian army. The battle is remembered in Germany as the Massacre of the Innocents after approximately 40, men from nine infantry divisions were killed over the course of 20 days. After this fight, Hitler was promoted from private to lance corporal.
He was assigned to be a regimental message runner at this time.
This was considered a relatively safe position since the regimental headquarters were often several miles behind the front lines, though there was no distinction between regimental runners and battalion runners, the latter of which moved among the trenches and were often under fire.
Hitler made good use of his time as a regimental runner. For him, the regimental headquarters became a classroom. He had access to and was allowed to read incoming orders, directives, and outgoing orders. He took advantage of the relative safety of the position to study military history and theory, and since he had access to numerous officers, he was able to discuss his ideas with them.
Hitler also learned about the weaponry that Germany and its allies possessed. He studied their capabilities in detail, learning information such as muzzle velocities and artillery tube and machine gun ranges, as well as the carrying capacity and horsepower of the trucks and automobiles.
Hitler also made a number of friends in the war. He had a close circle of friends at the regiment headquarters, many of whom would tease him for his aversion to sexually explicit stories and with whom he would trade his tobacco rations for their jam rations. The dog became a beloved companion, and Hitler was said to be heartbroken when the dog was stolen, along with his sketches and paintings, in August At the Battle of Fromelles, his regiment was successful in repelling the Australians, who were mounting their first attack in France.
Hitler was decorated for his bravery on two occasions during the war.
He received it after an attack in which messengers and the role they played were indispensable. On that day, the regiment lost 60 soldiers, and another were wounded.
Hitler himself was also wounded in the Battle of Somme in October He begged not to be evacuated, and after he was, he wrote his commanding officer, Hauptmann Fritz Wiedemann, asking to be recalled. Wiedemann arranged for him to return to his regiment in Hitler was wounded again in October after a British mustard gas attack. He was temporarily blinded, and according to at least one source, he also lost his voice.
He reportedly suffered a second bout of blindness from the shock of receiving the news. Hitler was outraged by the Treaty of Versailles in which Germany had to admit it started the war and was stripped of various territories. It also had to demilitarize the Rhineland, and damaging economic sanctions were imposed.
Hitler wrote that, while he was in the hospital bed, he had the idea that he would liberate Germany and make it great once again.
He stated he knew his idea would be realized, but he did not commit to a career in politics at that time. In July , after returning to Munich, Hitler remained in the army as an intelligence agent. It was this association that would provide the platform for his political career. Drexler, born in Munich, was a machine fitter, railway toolmaker, and locksmith. The group met periodically to discuss themes of nationalism and anti-Semitism.
Hitler later stated it represented ideals in which he already believed. While he was still an intelligence officer, Hitler began to become more involved with the DAP and took steps to make the party more public.
He organized their biggest meeting to that date of some 2, people on February 24, , in Munich. Karl Harrer, who was one of the founders of the DAP, disagreed so strongly with this decision that he resigned from the party. In March , Hitler was discharged from the army and began working full-time for the Nazi Party.
The committee members quickly realized that without him, the party would cease to exist. Hitler agreed to return on the condition that he replace Drexler as the party chairman and that the party headquarters remain in Munich. The committee agreed, and Hitler became the undisputed leader of the party. Drexler stayed on in a figurehead position as honorary president but eventually left in Under his rule, Hitler expanded the party membership. At the same time, the political and economic situation in Germany was becoming increasingly unstable.
During World War I, Germany had suspended the gold standard when the war broke out. The German emperor, Wilhelm II, and the parliament made the decision at that time to fund the war entirely by borrowing.
The logic was that the government would be able to pay off the debt by annexing resource-rich industrial territory and imposing reparations on the defeated Allies. When Germany lost the war, the strategy backfired. The Weimar Republic, which was established after the war, was now saddled with a massive debt and began printing money without any economic resources to back it up.
The value of the German mark against the U.
It further dropped to approximately 90 marks per dollar by It had stabilized at that rate for the first half of , but in June, the first payment of war reparations, as laid out in the London Ultimatum, came due. When this bill came due, it accelerated the devaluation of the mark, which fell to marks per U. In accordance with the agreement, the reparations had to be paid in hard currency and not with the rapidly depreciating paper mark.
In order to comply, Germany began mass printing banknotes to pay for foreign currency, which was then used to pay reparations. This resulted in the hyperinflation of the paper mark. By December , the rate of exchange was 7, marks to one dollar, and the cost of living index had gone from 41 to , a fold increase.
By the fall of , Germany could no longer afford to make the reparations payments, and the mark was practically worthless. It was decided that the reparations would then be paid in goods, such as coal, and toward that end, in January , French and Belgian troops occupied the Ruhr. Workers in the Ruhr subsequently went on strike; the government responded by printing more money to pay them for their passive resistance.
By November , the value of the mark against the U. In this environment of economic catastrophe, political destabilization and violence followed. On September 26, , the Bavarian Prime Minister Eugen von Knilling declared a state of emergency and appointed Gustav von Kahr as state commissioner, giving him the power to govern the state. On the following day, Hitler announced he would hold 14 mass meetings of the Nazi Party.
After Hitler had announced the meetings, Kahr banned them for fear of disruptions. So, Hitler decided to take matters into his own hands. Beer halls at that time were common meeting locations in Germany. Hitler and some SA, a paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party, surrounded the beer hall and set up a machine gun in the auditorium. Hitler and his forces took control of the building, taking Kahr, Seisser, and Lossow into a room at gunpoint where they demanded they support the coup.
Kahr refused, stating that he could not possibly collaborate since he had been taken from the auditorium under heavy guard. Irritated by this, Hitler went back into the auditorium and gave a speech explaining the action they had taken to the audience.
One supporter of Kahr, Dr. Karl Alexander von Mueller, a professor of modern history and political science, reported that the attitude of the crowd was changed with just a few sentences, which he described as almost magical. By the end of his speech, the beer hall erupted in a roar of support for Hitler. On the following morning, some 2, men followed Hitler out of the beer hall. The group, however, had no specific plan, and on the spur of the moment, they decided to head to the Bavarian Defense Ministry.
There, they encountered police resistance, and the two groups exchanged fire. Four state police officers and sixteen Nazis were killed. The revolutionaries were scattered, and Hitler was wounded. Two days later, he was arrested and charged with treason. It was, in fact, just the platform he needed to gain national attention, and he took full advantage of the situation. The score is now He's probably making a smart move.
I don't know where he's from, but in quite a lot of countries he might have been getting into illegal hatespeech territory. Well, Citizen, if that was so then I'm flattered you were willing to risk a fine or maybe even some community service to attack my little review.
See Paul's message 85 in the comment thread. You have not written in vain. The score is now , and the review has reached the first page. Thanks for all the support, guys! I'm copying all his posts from now on. Why, oh why, didn't I do this right from the start? You can see that I'd never have made an investigative journalist. Anyway, here is his latest open letter to the world: Your a liar Manny Rayner, however like your source of information it remains an embedded feature of your claim.
You remain a hidden wretched wickedness that is a plague upon a honest word. You indeed like your claim of half and half is like your word,it is stolen and now you are crying wolf. One further thing your inability to be honest is likened to this websites inability to be honest as to "Mein Kampf". I really do not care whatever cornball crap your hustling whoever the hell you are but one thing is for certain this no good website has deleted many upon many comments of mine that require an honest approach to who is Adolf Hitler.
This embedded feature is so determined to deny any claim of another opinion that this embedded feature is as your half and half claim,that is your history as well as this claim has legs. What I said was in all probability you are a Jew this was after site was having a heart attack.
site is not capable of being honest. It is truly regretful to have worked well on an opinion and then to see this disease spread. Do you know who site is? So, I do not think it appropriate to stay away from reading any book because someone thought the author "evil". One should read and assess for oneself. So I do not think it appropriate that people should recommend against reading a particular because they consider the author or subject "Evil". I hope site would take note and will not allow such reviews to be posted.
How will site react? My prediction is that they'll just ignore it, but we will soon see. He says that everyone has a right to be heard, including Hitler. Well, as I just replied, I couldn't disagree more. Hitler long ago forfeited his right to be heard. He has no rights at all. My Autobiography. Paul Merton. Alan Partridge: Alan Partridge. In Foreign Fields. Dan Collins. How to be Champion. Sarah Millican. Jeeves and the Wedding Bells.
Sebastian Faulks. Cold Blood: Nick Stone book Andy McNab. Eddy Nugent and the Map of Africa. The Mother Tongue. Bill Bryson.
The Secret War. Max Hastings. The Shepherd's Crown. Terry Pratchett. A Fart In a Colander: The Autobiography. Roy Hudd. The Road to Little Dribbling. The Long Mars.
Benita Estevez. Deep South. Paul Theroux. The Long Utopia. The Templars. Dan Jones. Ancestral Vices. Tom Sharpe. A Blink of the Screen. Robert Harris. Open the Cage, Murphy! Paul O'Grady. Jeremy Clarkson. Catch That Tiger.
Noel Botham. Eye of the Storm: Peter Ratcliffe. Deadly Skies True Combat. Nigel Cawthorne. So, Anyway John Cleese. Hanns and Rudolf. Thomas Harding. Fools and Mortals. Bernard Cornwell. Porterhouse Blue. Gunship Pilot. Robert F. David Jason: My Life. David Jason. The Woman Who Died a Lot. Jasper Fforde.